Central Judicial Commission


(Reg. CG Act 1882, Government Of India)


unlawful activities prevention act

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is an Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. The National Integration Council appointed a Committee on National Integration and Regionalization to look into, the aspect of putting reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. Pursuant to the acceptance of recommendations of the Committee, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 was enacted to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. In order to implement the provisions of 1963 Act, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.

HISTORY:

Pursuant to the acceptance by Government of a unanimous recommendation of the Committee on National Integration and Regionalism appointed by the National Integration Council, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963, was enacted empowering Parliament to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, on the:

• Freedom of Speech and Expression;
• Right to Assemble peaceably and without arms;
• Right to Form Associations or Unions.

The object of this Bill was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. The Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and received the assent of the President on 30 December 1967. The Amending Acts are as follows:

• The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 1969;
• The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972;
• The Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1986;
• The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004,
• The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2008;
• The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2012.